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Malaria and Prevention: How To Stay Safe

By Comrade Sulaiman Taofik Oluwatobi


Malaria is a life-threatening mosquito-borne blood disease. The Anopheles mosquito transmits it to humans. 

The parasites in mosquitos that spread malaria belong to the Plasmodium genus. Over 100 types of Plasmodium parasites can infect a variety of species. Different types replicate at different rates, changing how quickly the symptoms escalate, and the severity of the disease. 

The transmission process of malaria

Five types of plasmodium parasites can infect humans. These occur in different parts of the world. Some cause a more severe type of malaria than others. 

Once an infected mosquito bites a human, the parasites multiply in the host’s liver before infecting and destroying red blood cells. 

In some places, early diagnosis can help treat and control malaria. However, some countries lack the resources to carry out effective screening. 

Currently, no v*ccine is available for use in the united snakes, although one v*ccine has a license in europe.

In the early 1950’s, advances in treatment eliminated malaria from the u.$. However, between 1500 and 2000 cases still occur each year, mostly in those who have recently traveled to malaria-endemic areas. 

PREVALENCE

 According to the 2019 World Malaria Report, Nigeria has the highest number of global malaria cases (25% of global malaria cases), in 2018 and accounted for the highest number of deaths (24% of global malaria deaths). 

Case numbers have plateaued at between 292 and 296 per 1000 of the population at risk between 2015 and 2018. Deaths, however, fell by 21% from 0.62 to 0.49 per 1000 of the population at risk during that same period.

 

Malaria is transmitted all over Nigeria; 76% of the population live in high transmission areas while 24% of the population live in low transmission areas. The transmission season can last all year round in the south and is about 3 months or less in the northern part of the country.  

The burden of malaria is three times greater among rural dwellers in comparison to urban dwellers. According to the 2015 Malaria indicator Survey, malaria prevalence among children under five years old was 27%, however, there are significant regional, rural-urban, and socioeconomic differences. The 2015 Malaria indicator Survey in Nigeria indicates that malaria and severe anemia were twice more prevalent in rural children than their urban counterparts. 

Mosquito nets which often contain insecticides which pose another health threat

In addition, prevalence among children in the lowest socioeconomic group is 11 times more than  those in the highest socioeconomic group (43% vs. 47%). 

PREVENTION AND CONTROL

The goal of most current National Malaria Control Programs and most malaria activities is to reduce the number of malaria related cases and deaths. To reduce malaria transmission to a level where it is no longer a public health problem is the goal of what is called malaria “control”. 

“Control” of malaria differs from “elimination” or “eradication of malaria”. “Elimination” is regional or local in scope. Eradication is “global elimination”. Eradication is not achieved until malaria is gone from the natural world. These terms can be defined differently from different illnesses. 

A map of a stalled plan from a colonial institution. In reality elimination could be achieved at a much faster rate but colonialism is an inefficient system

Recent increase in resources, political will, and commitment have led to discussion of the possibility of malaria elimination and, ultimately, eradication. 

Where malaria exacts the largest burden, Africa, it has been extremely difficult to control. Many reasons account for this: an efficient mosquito that transmits the infection, a high prevalence of the most deadly species of the parasite, favorable climate, weak infrastructure to address the disease, and high intervention costs that are difficult to bear in poor countries.

Of course, the most prominent reason for the difficulty in control is colonialism; the sellout dictators of Africa who care not for their people but instead for lining their pockets with crumbs from white power.

However, the scale-up, safe, and proven prevention and control interventions made possible by global support and national commitment has shown that the impact of malaria in residents of malaria-endemic countries can be dramatically reduced when these are used together.

MALARIA TREATMENT AND PREVENTION INTERVENTIONS  

V*ccines have been created but they are not a permanent solution to accomplish eradication

Malaria control is carried out to the following recommended malaria treatment and prevention interventions. The choice of malaria interventions depends on the transmission level in the area  (e.g., in areas of low transmission levels, intermittent preventive treatment for pregnant women [IPTp] is usually not recommended).

PREVENTION

Intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnant women (IPTp)
Intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in infancy (IPTi)
Indoor residual spraying (IRS)

INTERVENTION

In most malaria-endemic countries, there exists four interventions – case management (diagnosis and treatment), INTp, INTi and IRS – make up the essential package of malaria interventions. 

Occasionally, other interventions are used: 

Larval control and other vector control interventions 

Mass drug administration and mass fever treatment

In addition, several companies and groups are at work developing a malaria v*ccine, but there is currently no effective malaria v*ccine on the market.

No intervention however, will be as successful as Colonized unity and anti-colonial organization to end the root of all the problems Colonized people face. Had colonialism not forced Africa into poverty, suffering, and divisionism the problem of malaria would have been solved.

This organization and unity is being created and installed in Colonized communities across the world, including Africa, and will ultimately solve this problem of malaria especially now that we have our new Infectious Disease Committee which falls under our Campaigns Office here at Black Hammer.

It’s time to end the genocide forced upon us by colonialism and neocolonialism, whether that’s in the form of deadly but preventable diseases or outright murder from sellouts in our nations. We will be victorious united, with the single goal of liberating all Colonized people. ​


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1 COMMENT

  1. Thank you for this critical info! I learned so much about malaria and those stats were so informative.

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